With the development of mobile Internet, Internet of Things, cloud computing, and big data, smart logistics has been very hot. Governments, enterprises, research institutes, and universities have formulated development plans or included research priorities, and invested a lot of manpower, material resources, and financial resources. Has achieved certain stage results. For smart logistics, it should be considered in five aspects.
Establish a global and public view of smart logistics
In November 2008, IBM first proposed the concept of a smarter planet. In 2009, Obama announced that the Smarter Planet is the national strategy of the United States. Since then, the smart earth, the smart country, and the smart city have become the hotspots of the world's hype. For this reason, an information technology war has been launched, which has promoted the rapid development of the mobile Internet, Internet of Things, cloud computing, and big data.
The so-called "wisdom" is to use information technology to make equipment and control intelligent, instead of people and people, thus changing the development mode and operation mode of a country, a city, an industry, to achieve efficiency and efficiency.
With the development of economic globalization, global sourcing, global production, global circulation, and global consumption have become an inevitable trend, making modern logistics industry a sunrise industry, and smart logistics is on the agenda. But to talk about smart logistics must have two horizons, one is the global vision, and the other is the public vision. The so-called global vision means that the world is flat. There is no power to stop the worldwide flow of goods, capital, information and technology. Smart logistics has become the common goal of the whole world. Therefore, we must put wisdom logistics into the world to observe. To study, smart logistics is only an integral part of the smart earth and smart city, and it is a subsystem. The so-called public vision means that smart logistics focuses on the public interest, rather than individual companies can implement in order to pursue profits. The use of enterprise intelligence logistics is only a manifestation of public intelligence logistics. Therefore, it is impossible for smart logistics to rely on enterprises alone. It is necessary to break the division of the block and block the bad habits of the region, and establish the idea of â€‹â€‹a game of chess across the country and the whole industry.
Integrate smart logistics into smart cities
In 2009, the â€œRegulations for the Adjustment and Revitalization of the Logistics Industryâ€ issued by the State Council identified 21 national logistics node cities and 17 regional logistics node cities. In 2014, the National Development and Reform Commission and other relevant ministries and commissions issued the "Logistics Park Development Plan", which identified 29 cities in the first-level logistics park layout and 70 cities in the second-level logistics park. Why are logistics plans laid out in cities? The reason is very simple. The politics, economy and culture of a country are all urban-centered. The global urbanization rate is over 60%, and China's urbanization rate has reached 55%.
Smart cities have become the actions of the world. China's large and medium-sized cities have put forward the goal of building a smart city. On January 29, 2013, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development announced the first batch of 90 national smart city pilot lists, which will invest 90 billion to actively explore. Beijing has formulated the â€œIntelligent Beijing Action Planâ€ and proposed intelligent traffic, electronic medical records, telemedicine, smart home, and e-commerce as the main targets. Smart city is the inevitable product of urban informatization. It uses information technology to collect, analyze and make decisions of hundreds of thousands, millions and tens of millions of people in cities, and improve the management level of the city and the intelligentization of residents' lives. Change the current prevalence of urban diseases. But this is a very long process. The difficulty is not entirely an information technology problem, but more about changing people's ideas and changing the government's management model.
For a city, smart logistics should be placed in a priority development position. The production and construction of the city and the life of the urban residents are inseparable from logistics at all times. The logistics market is not standardized, and logistics operations are not intensive, resulting in high logistics costs, traffic congestion, and declining quality of life. Therefore, "Logistics Industry Reconstruction and Revitalization Plan" and "Logistics Industry Development Medium- and Long-Term Plan" all listed urban distribution as a major project. In February 2013, the Ministry of Communications and other seven ministries and commissions issued "on strengthening and improving urban distribution management. Opinions, in 2012, the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Finance launched a pilot program of modern logistics technology utilization and joint distribution in nine cities across the country. In 2013, 15 more cities were added.
Smart logistics should have three breakthroughs in the operation of smart cities. One is traffic management, the other is joint distribution, and the third is transportation equipment.
Smart logistics needs to lay a solid foundation for technology
Leaving the mobile Internet, Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data, can not talk about smart logistics, so the development and application of information technology is the most critical. To develop technologies such as radio frequency identification (RFID), electronic data interchange (EDI), global positioning system (GNSS), earth information system (GIS), and intelligent transportation system (ITS), and vigorously promote logistics informationization and intelligent construction. In February 2012, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Development Plan for the Internet of Thingsâ€. On February 17, 2013, the General Office of the State Council issued the â€œGuiding Opinions on Promoting the Orderly and Healthy Development of the Internet of Thingsâ€, clearly establishing a sound department. The integrated coordination mechanism for the development of the Internet of Things between industry, region and military, which laid a solid foundation for the development of smart logistics. On August 14, 2013, the State Council issued the â€œSeveral Opinions on Promoting Information Consumption to Expand Domestic Demandâ€, further clarifying information technology research and development, information product consumption, especially improving the smart logistics infrastructure and accelerating the implementation of smart logistics projects.
Smart logistics is inseparable from big data
The first big data was proposed by McKinsey, a world-renowned consulting firm. The company believes: "Data has penetrated into every industry and business function area today and has become an important production factor. The mining and application of massive data indicates a new wave of productivity growth and the arrival of consumer surplus."
The British economist Schonberg pointed out in the book "The Age of Big Data" that the information storm brought by big data is transforming our lives, work and thinking, and big data has turned a major era transformation.
Smart logistics is inseparable from big data. Taking rookie as an example, why does Ma Yun dare to gather a lot of money to build a logistics intelligent backbone "novice"? A big reason is that Alibaba has a solid foundation for big data, making it possible to integrate customer consumption habits and regional distribution of goods, and build an intelligent logistics backbone network system based on analyzing future trends. The key to the success of the "novice" is not the capital and technology. However, how to integrate, analyze and judge all kinds of data of suppliers, e-commerce companies, logistics companies, financial companies and consumers. Products become action strategies.
Smart logistics extends to the smart supply chain
Logistics is a part of the supply chain. In the past, the logistics industry and the manufacturing industry have been jointly developed and achieved many breakthroughs. Now we should emphasize two points. First, the logistics industry must not only develop with the manufacturing industry, but also with The development of agriculture, construction and circulation industries. Second, the development of linkages and developments is already insufficient, but should be integrated and developed. You have me and I have you. Manufacturing companies, distribution companies, construction companies, and agricultural companies should all focus on their core competitiveness and outsource non-core competitiveness. At present, many industries in China still remain in the â€œbig and completeâ€ and â€œsmall and completeâ€ business operation mode, and the degree of socialization is not high. Therefore, there is a shortage of logistics demand, especially for high-end value-added logistics services.
Supply chain management is an inevitable trend of logistics development, an inevitable trend of all industrial economic development, and a killer to change the way of economic development. Therefore, smart logistics must extend to the "smart supply chain" and implement business flow and logistics through information technology. The integrated operation of information flow and capital flow enables the market, industry, enterprises and individuals to be connected together to realize intelligent management and intelligent life.
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